Arthritis

Arthritis and Walk in Bathtubs

With age comes wisdom, but with age also comes health and age related issues. Arthritis is a chronic illnesses.
Arthritis is a common disease. . There are more than 100 types of arthritis and related conditions that affect all ages, races and origins of persons across the globe. The CDC mentions an estimated 22.7% (54.4 million) of adults had doctor-diagnosed arthritis, with significantly higher age-adjusted prevalence in women (23.5%) than in men (18.1%). Arthritis prevalence increased with age.
Arthritis affects physical activity.It affects individuals with higher obesity, high blood pressure, cardiovascular diseases and other conditions affecting further mobility.
These numbers will grow  with a projected population of 78 million in 2040 in the US alone from estimates provided by the CDC. However these numbers might be even high with the increase in obesity nationwide.
Arthritis is the joint pain disease or the joint disease. Complicating things a bit more is the fact that for many it is a disease that appears and often goes away for months but returning again. For some people it is a mild disease but for others it can become chronic.
OSTEOARTHRITIS
This is the most common form of arthritis. It is also called degenerative arthritis. This is a slow degenerative disease that mostly affects the hips, knees and hands. This is slow and deterioration process that may take many years. The cartilage and bones on a joint begin to wear out. As the wear continuous there is pain and stiffness on the joints until there is a disability.
The first signs are usually pain and swelling but in time there is stiffness and decrease in motion. In severe case surgery is required to replace the affected joint. Women are more likely to get Osteoarthritis.
There many ways to improve and treat Osteoarthritis. The first one is to increase physical activity. It can be walking, biking or swimming 30 minutes 3 times a week. Medications to relief pain and inflammation are recommended. Losing weight is definitely very important. As a last resort there is surgery to replace any of the joints.
RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease. The body’s immune system attacks joints and tissue and in some cases internal organs. It can be a very serious disease and there is no cure except physiotherapy and medication to slow the disease.
There are many symptoms but one of the characteristics is pain and swelling in two joints. In many cases on both sides such as both knees. There is also weight loss, tiredness and fatigue in many cases.
Scientist has found many risk factors such as being older than 60, much higher in women, smoking, inherited genetic traits such as gene HLA. Smoking and Obesity are other known risk factors.
One of the complications is the development of heart disease.  Rheumatoid Arthritis can attack internal organs such as the heart and create heart disease and premature death. This risk along with obesity can lead to high blood disease. This type of arthritis can eventually lead to loss of mobility and make it difficult to maintain employment.
JUVENILE ARTHRITIS
The cause of childhood arthritis is not known. It will disappear leaving behind only the scars on the bone but without the disease. As in adult arthritis childhood arthritis is the inflammation of a joint and can affect children of all ages, races and ethnic backgrounds.
FIBROMYALGIA
This is another condition which the cause is not known. It is widespread pain all over the body, trouble sleeping and emotional conditions. The condition can be treated effectively and it seems the persons who suffer are quite more sensitive than the average person and pain dominates their daily routine.
Some of the symptoms of fibromyalgia are pain all over the body, depression and anxiety along with sleep problems and in many cases migraines and problem concentrating.
There are several risk factors such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis and higher risk as you age to have fibromyalgia.
The best treatment includes medications and self-management such as good aerobic exercise, stress management, improving sleep habits and in many cases use of CBT when depression is an issue.
LUPUS
Lupus is an autoimmune disease that affect the body’s autoimmune system and starts attacking it‘s own internal organs. The most common form of LUPUS is Systemic Lupus Erythematosus SLE.
Lupus can be a mild disease but can also be a life threatening disease. It is not known what causes lupus.  There are genetic factors, hormonal and other factors associated.
Lupus can range from a mild affection to more critical conditions that can limit a person’s daily life, disabling that person from work and other daily activities. It can complicate lung capacity, heart, and in some cases produce psychosis and immunological abnormalities.\
Treatment includes suppressors of the immune system like corticosteroids and change in physical activities.
There are other type of lupus such as cutaneous lupus, drug induced lupus and neonatal lupus.
GOUT
This is another condition very few people associate with arthritis. Gout usually affects only one joint, the big toe and can be very painful. Men and mostly obese adults have a higher risk of gout. Gout can have flares. Recurrent gout can lead to Gout arthritis. The disease is controlled with medication and self-management.
Gout flares can last from days to weeks and long periods of time. Pain is intense and the big toe swells and gets red in many cases.
Gout is caused by high uric acid on your body. The body produces uric acid from purines.  Purines are found in the food we consume. When there is too much uric acid in the body, uric crystals can travel to the joints and tissues. Higher risk of developing Gout include being obese,diabetes,metabolic syndrome ,heart disease, using diuretics, drinking alcohol, high fructose food or drinks, Diet high in purines such as red meat, anchovies ,tuna etc.
Arthritis can be devastating and disable many persons from being able to function and be independent. Many patients with arthritis in all its types have found that using a fountain of youth walk-in bathtub  has been one of the most important self-management treatments and have regained their independence .

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